L’ESDEVENIR D’EUROPA

Dimarts, 21 de maig de 2013

La proposta NURSIA de labaula ha obtingut una menció en el concurs The Europe’s Become.
Properament tindreu més informació a la web.

BACKGROUND
– On May 23th may 2007 the urban population exceeded the world rural population
(According to the Study of variations between 2005-2010, by Ron Wimberley and Gregory Fulkerson from North Carolina State University, and Libby Morris from Georgia University)
The paradox of the European and global demographic growth has been that, in spite of the duplication of the world population in less of 50 years, its density (measured as population per unit area) has decreased. This phenomenon is due to two basic reasons: the densification of the traditional city (a current model and it’s in evolution) and the migratory movement from a rural environment to an urban one, propitiated by the Industrial Revolution. In spite of the population growth, its habitat’s diversity and qualities have decreased, favoring a model of centripetal and disperse city, with diffuse limits. This has led to systematic problems because of the size and density of these global cities in disparate aspects such as public infrastructures, transportation or residential construction.
– In 1950 the urban population represented 47% of European total population (of about  276.8 million people). Currently, it exceeds 75% (population of the EU27). The statistical projection for 2025 indicates a percentage greater than 83%.
We understand as a distinctive characteristic of Europe, its diversity and multiplicity of interpretations, an historic and social palimpsest of simultaneous movements, with the will of building a common project within a dense and populated geographical frame. So we asked ourselves the suitability of betting on either model (the rural or the urban), when historically they have coexisted without problems. The European towns/villages networks establish an endangered urban tissue, homogeneous and shared with most of EU countries, which have founded the traditional settlements of the continent’s population. In short, a legacy and heritage in danger of disuse or immediately disappearance.
EU27 Area: 4,324,782 km2
Population: 503,492,041h
Population density: 116.2 h/km² on average

PROPOSAL
Create an itinerary between the existing deserted or almost deserted settlements with a common signage, with the villages’ historical and cultural information, in order to highlight its importance and promote its repopulation, and thus:
– An initiative of transboundary nature that doesn’t depend of administrative boundaries, according to the European Union’s spirit: United in Diversity.
– A dense homogeneous and isotropic tissue of settlements that offers the perspective of the pedestrian Europe, where villages are close to each other and the distances are relativized thanks to current technologies.
– Protection of a way of life, which social and cultural importance is part of the European identity and of the immaterial inherited patrimony.
– Conservation of a historical and artistic public heritage in disuse.
– Possibility to replan the current economic-geographic model in rural environment, to stand out the villages as a stable and useful model to the present needs of work and residency.
– Landscape and environmental protection. For its morphology and constitution the towns are urban units fully integrated in a specific territory and landscape, of which have depended and which have protected. For its peculiar urban nature they are systems of more sustainable occupation within the environment.

Més informació: Atelier PAEMA;